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With more than twenty-three years of experience, Tobar ZVS has earned an incomparable reputation in areas such as: Tax and Labor Consultancy; Corporate M&A; Antitrus and Competition; Negotiation, Conflict Resolution and Disputes; Intellectual Property and Anti-Piracy; and, Natural Resources, Energy and Infrastructure.
This unit is committed to provide a range of strategic tax and financial services that answers to the requirements of local and international businesses...
Due to the transnational vocation and focus on corporate clients, our Firm broadened its range of services until it became established as one of the select firms that provides integral support to
Although the Firm has a history and reputation of being a strong and successful litigant, it favors, when possible, negotiations as a more effective tool to manage conflict resolution
The Firm not only provides services to register patents and trademarks, and brand portfolio administration services, including copyrights, it also interacts with its
With more than twenty-three years of experience, Tobar ZVS has earned an incomparable reputation in the mining industry. This notable experience has allowed our clients to count on
The Firm was created in 1993 by Bernardo Tobar as Tobar & Tobar. In 1996 its name was changed to Tobar & Bustamante, and at the end of 2015 it took on the name Tobar ZVS, which acknowledges partners Cesar Zumarraga, Oscar Vela and Alvaro Sevilla, who along with the founding partner, have headed up the historic growth of the Firm.
On Friday September 10th, 2022, delegates of the National Government and Indigenous Groups concluded a dialogue process on mining and oil policies as part of the agreement reached by the parties to end last June´s a national strike.
In parallel, the President requested the Constitutional Court to assess the relevance of eight questions in light of the Constitution, that it intends to submit for a National Referendum.
In this regard, this document will be divided as follows:
A. POINTS OF AGREEMENT OF THE DIALOGUE PROCESS
B. QUESTIONS SUBMITTED BY THE PRESIDENT RELATED TO ENVIRONMENT AND WATER PROTECTION
The President announced his desire to activate a Referendum, regarding several questions related to issues of national interest and which are summarized in the following areas:
This section will address the questions related to the protection of environment and water.
Do you agree with incorporating a subsystem of water protection into the National System of Protected Areas by amending the Constitution in accordance with Annex 7?
Do you agree that individuals, communities, peoples, and nationalities, can be beneficiaries of compensations duly regularized by the State, for their support of the generation of environmental services, amending the Constitution in accordance with Annex 8?
According to environmental regulations, the maintenance and generation of ecological functions, as well as the dynamics of ecosystems, generate environmental services needed for maintenance of the life cycle. In this regard, current regulations define 4 types of environmental services: provisioning, regulation, habitat and cultural.
The Constitution does not provide any compensations to those who support the generation and maintenance of environmental services. Therefore, the proposal considers the amendment of Article 74 of the Constitution with the purpose of having the State define the guidelines and mechanisms for compensation, which should be reflected in the Organic Environmental Code (in Spanish, “CODA”).
In sum, the purpose of this question is to establish standard criteria in the regulation of payments for environmental services.
C. REFERENDUM PROCESS
According to the Constitution, the legal process for carrying out a Referendum at the initiative of the Executive Branch consists on three stages:
We are pleased to announce that our Partner Juan Larrea Savinovich has been listed in Chambers and Partners Guide 2023. Up-and-coming practitioner Juan Fernando Larrea advances in Ecuador’s energy and natural resources rankings this year following remarkable client recognition. Congratulations Juan Fernando!
Our partner César Zumarraga has been recognized once again by the Chambers and Partners 2023 guide as a top- tier leading practitioner. A well-deserved recognition of his trajectory and experience in the practice of Energy. Top-tier practitioner César Zumarraga is highly esteemed by clients and peers alike in Ecuador for his extensive experience and in-depth expertise in mining transactions and cross-border regulations.